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Termed labiaplasty, labia minora diminution, or labial revitalization, this surgical intervention endeavors to modify the dimensions and contour of the labia minora - the vulva's interior folds. Classified within the realm of aesthetic gynecology, it is typically undertaken by gynecologists possessing expertise in cosmetic methodologies. (1)

Data from the 2016 ASPS dossier divulged an unprecedented popularity, with over 12,000 procedures executed by ASPS constituents during that annum (a 39% augmentation). Labiaplasty garners favor among females discontent with their labia's appearance or those experiencing unease during kinetic endeavors or intimate relations, stemming from their labia's magnitude or configuration. Albeit labiaplasty is deemed relatively secure, boasting elevated patient gratification quotients, it remains crucial for women contemplating this operation to meticulously investigate and select a proficient and seasoned medical practitioner, thereby mitigating complication risks. (2) (3)

Procedure Details
Duration 1 hour
Age Limit + 18 years old
Pain after surgery 3-4 days
Working after surgery 2 Week
Anesthesia General Anesthesia
Hospital Stay 1 Day
Recovery Time 2-3 Month
Surgical Procedure Yes

Definition and Overview

Labiaplasty is a surgical procedure that involves the reduction of the size and shape of the labia minora. The labia minora are typically smaller than the outer lips of the vulva, but in some women, they can be elongated or asymmetrical, causing discomfort during physical activities, and affecting sexual confidence. The surgery is performed to reduce the size of the labia and improve the overall appearance of the vulva.

Labiaplasty can be a sensitive topic for some women, and it is important to note that the decision to undergo this procedure should be a personal one. Women may choose to have labiaplasty for a variety of reasons, including discomfort during physical activities like exercise or cycling, irritation during sexual intercourse, or simply for aesthetic reasons. It is important for women to feel comfortable and confident with their bodies, and labiaplasty can be a helpful solution for those who feel self-conscious or unhappy with the appearance of their vulva. However, it is important to have realistic expectations and to choose a qualified and experienced surgeon to ensure a safe and successful outcome.


Labiaplasty is typically performed under local anesthesia or intravenous sedation. The surgeon will make small incisions on the labia minora and remove excess tissue. The procedure usually takes around one to two hours to complete, and patients can usually go home the same day.

As with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks and complications associated with labiaplasty. These may include infection, bleeding, scarring, adverse reactions to anesthesia, and changes in sensation. It is important for patients to discuss these risks with their surgeon and to carefully follow all pre-operative and post-operative instructions to minimize the risk of complications. 

Patients may also experience temporary numbness or discomfort during the healing process, but this typically resolves within a few weeks. It is important to choose a qualified and experienced surgeon to ensure that the procedure is performed safely and effectively. Patients should also have realistic expectations about the results of the procedure and understand that individual results may vary.

Labiaplasty Risks and Side Effects

According to the Cleveland Clinic, labiaplasty, the surgical alteration of the labia, can lead to specific complications, although these are relatively rare. Individuals considering this procedure should consult with a healthcare provider to understand the potential risks involved.

Potential risks and side effects include:

  • The possibility of removing an excessive or insufficient amount of tissue.
  • Bleeding, which may occur during or after surgery.
  • Bruising or hematoma, a localized collection of blood outside the vessels.
  • Infection, a risk present in any surgical procedure.
  • The potential for wound separation or breakdown.
  • Scarring, which may result as a natural part of the healing process.
  • Persistent pain, discomfort during intercourse, or a decrease in sensitivity can sometimes ensue following the surgery.


Women who experience discomfort, pain or irritation during physical activities such as exercise, cycling or intercourse, have asymmetrical or elongated labia minora, or are simply unhappy with the appearance of their vulva may be good candidates for labiaplasty. However, it is important to note that women who are pregnant, have an active infection or are undergoing cancer treatment are not good candidates for labiaplasty.

Before considering labiaplasty, it is important for women to have a thorough discussion with their surgeon about their medical history, current health status, and goals for the procedure. Women who are considering having children in the future may be advised to wait until after childbirth to undergo labiaplasty, as pregnancy and childbirth can affect the results of the procedure. 

It is also important for women to have realistic expectations about the results of the procedure and to understand that labiaplasty is a personal decision that should be made only after careful consideration and discussion with a qualified surgeon. Ultimately, the decision to undergo labiaplasty should be based on individual needs and goals, and should be made with the guidance of an experienced healthcare professional.


After procedure, you may experience some discomfort, swelling, and bruising in treated area. The surgeon will provide medication for pain relief, and patients are advised to avoid strenuous activities for at least two weeks. Patients can usually return to work within a week, but it may take several weeks to resume sexual activity.

During the healing process, it is important for patients to follow all post-operative care instructions provided by their surgeon. This may include keeping the area clean and dry, avoiding tight clothing, and refraining from sexual activity or the use of tampons for several weeks after the procedure. Patients may also be advised to use ice packs to reduce swelling and to take pain medication as prescribed.

It is important to attend all follow-up appointments with the surgeon to monitor the healing progress and ensure that there are no complications. While recovery time may vary depending on the individual, most patients are able to return to their normal activities within a few weeks after the surgery.


The results of labiaplasty are usually visible immediately after the surgery. However, it may take several weeks for the swelling to subside and the final result to be visible. The new shape and size of the labia will be permanent, but it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle to ensure long-lasting results.

In addition to maintaining a healthy lifestyle, women who have had labiaplasty may also benefit from regular follow-up appointments with their surgeon to monitor their progress and address any concerns or questions. While the results of labiaplasty are permanent, changes in weight, aging, and pregnancy can affect the appearance of the vulva over time. 

Women should also be aware that labiaplasty may affect sexual sensation, and may need to adjust their sexual activities accordingly. With proper care and attention, however, women who have undergone labiaplasty can expect to enjoy improved comfort during physical activities, enhanced sexual confidence, and a more aesthetically pleasing appearance of the vulva.

Labiaplasty Types

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