Eyelid Surgery (Blepharoplasty)

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Eyelid Surgery, colloquially denoted as blepharoplasty, encompasses a fastidious surgical maneuver to excise surplus integument, adipose deposits, and musculature from the superior or inferior eyelids. This intricate operation is a subset of plastic surgery, with a focus on facial aesthetic enhancement. Blepharoplasty necessitates the deft prowess of a proficient and seasoned surgical practitioner, who possesses an astute comprehension of the ocular region's structure and function to warrant unparalleled outcomes. (1) (2)

The American Society for Plastic Surgeons disclosed that over 325,000 denizens of the United States underwent Eyelid Surgery in the year 2020. The impetus for electing this surgery spans both ornamental and utilitarian purposes. A multitude of individuals opt for blepharoplasty to attain a rejuvenated, invigorated visage, whereas others pursue the procedure to ameliorate their field of vision, often encumbered by drooping eyelids. Contemplating Eyelid Surgery warrants seeking an adept, credentialed surgical virtuoso. (3) (4)

post Eyelid Surgery
Procedure Details
Duration 2 hours
Age Limit + 18 years old
Pain after surgery 3-4 days
Working after surgery 2 Week
Anesthesia Sedation
Hospital Stay 1 Day
Recovery Time 2 Week
Surgical Procedure Yes

What is Eyelid Surgery?

Eyelid Surgery is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of excess skin, fat, and muscle from the eyelid area to improve the appearance of the eyes. This procedure is typically performed under local anesthesia and can take several hours to complete, depending on the extent of the surgery. The goal of the procedure is to create a more youthful, alert, and rejuvenated appearance of the eyes.

It is worth noting that Eyelid Surgery is one of the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures worldwide. It can be performed on both the upper and lower eyelids and can address a range of cosmetic concerns, including drooping eyelids, puffiness, bags under the eyes, and wrinkles. The procedure can also improve vision in patients who have excess skin or fat obstructing their vision. 

Eyelid Surgery is a safe and effective procedure that can be customized to meet the unique needs and preferences of each patient. A thorough consultation with a qualified healthcare professional is necessary to determine the best approach for each individual.


The Eyelid Surgery procedure involves making incisions in the natural creases of the eyelids, allowing the surgeon to remove excess skin, fat, and muscle from the eyelid area. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, which means that the patient is awake but does not feel any pain or discomfort. 

The surgeon carefully places each incision to create a natural-looking eyelid shape and contour. After the excess tissue is removed, the incisions are closed with sutures or surgical glue.

It is important to note that there are different techniques that can be used during Eyelid Surgery, including Traditional Blepharoplasty, Transconjunctival Blepharoplasty, and Laser Blepharoplasty. Traditional Blepharoplasty involves the removal of excess skin, muscle, and fat from the eyelid area through incisions made in the natural creases of the eyelids. 

Transconjunctival Blepharoplasty, on the other hand, involves the removal of excess fat from the lower eyelids through incisions made inside the lower eyelid. Laser Blepharoplasty uses laser technology to remove excess skin and fat from the eyelid area, resulting in a shorter recovery time and less scarring. 

The choice of technique will depend on the patient's unique needs and preferences. A thorough consultation with a qualified healthcare professional is necessary to determine the best technique for each patient.

Eyelid Surgery Risks and Side Effects

According to Mayo Clinic, eyelid surgery, like all surgical procedures, encompasses various risks, aside from the typical reactions to anesthesia and potential blood clots. Understanding these risks is fundamental for anyone contemplating this type of surgical intervention.

Consider the following risks:

  • The possibility of infection and bleeding post-surgery.
  • Experiencing dry and irritated eyes thereafter.
  • Challenges in closing the eyes or encountering other eyelid issues.
  • The occurrence of visible scarring post-procedure.
  • Potential injury inflicted upon eye muscles during surgery.
  • Changes or discoloration in the skin around the eyes.
  • Experiencing temporarily blurred vision or, in rare instances, vision loss.
  • There might also be a necessity for additional surgeries following the initial procedure.

Such risks, while unusual, are crucial considerations in the decision-making process for those evaluating the suitability of eyelid surgery.

Am I a Good Candidate for Eyelid Surgery?

Eyelid Surgery is suitable for individuals who have drooping eyelids, puffiness, or bags under the eyes due to aging, genetics, or other factors. 

It is also important for candidates to have a consultation with a board-certified plastic surgeon before undergoing eyelid surgery. During the consultation, the surgeon will evaluate the candidate's medical history, examine the candidate's eyes and eyelids, and discuss the goals and expectations of the surgery. The surgeon may also recommend additional procedures, such as a brow lift or facelift, to achieve the desired results.


After the Eyelid Surgery procedure, patients can expect some redness, swelling, and minor discomfort in the eyelid area. Patients are typically given instructions on how to care for the surgical area, including how to keep it clean and avoid touching or rubbing the area. Patients may also be prescribed antibiotics to prevent infection and pain medication to manage any discomfort. It is important to follow the aftercare instructions provided by the healthcare professional to ensure optimal healing and recovery.

It is common for patients to experience some degree of bruising and swelling around the eyes following eyelid surgery. This can be managed with cold compresses and elevating the head while sleeping. Patients should avoid strenuous activities for at least a week after the procedure and avoid wearing contact lenses for several days.

Depending on the extent of the procedure, patients may need to take time off work or adjust their daily activities during the recovery period.


Patients who undergo Eyelid Surgery can expect to see significant improvements in the appearance of their eyelids within a few weeks after the procedure. The results of the eyelid surgery are long-lasting and can provide a significant boost in self-confidence and self-esteem. Patients can expect to look more youthful, alert, and rejuvenated after the surgery. It is important to maintain regular follow-up appointments with the healthcare professional to monitor the progress of the healing process and to address any concerns that may arise.

In conclusion, Eyelid Surgery is a highly effective cosmetic procedure that can help individuals improve the appearance of their eyelids. The procedure is suitable for individuals who have drooping eyelids, puffiness, or bags under the eyes due to aging, genetics, or other factors. Candidates for the procedure should have realistic expectations about the results of the surgery and be in good overall health.

Eyelid Surgery Types

  • (1) - https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/blepharoplasty/about/pac-20385174

    (2) - https://www.realself.com/surgical/eyelid-surgery

    (3) - https://www.clinicinternational.com/en/treatments/eyelid-surgery-in-turkey/

    (4) - https://www.drsherris.com/blog/2021/07/21/eyelid-surgery-statistics-209685