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Braces are orthodontic tools used to realign the jaw and realign mismatched teeth, thereby improving oral health and appearance. This page seeks to give a thorough review of braces, covering their definition, method, eligibility, post-procedure healing development, and when one might anticipate results. People can choose orthodontic treatment wisely if they are aware of how crucial braces are for getting a straight, healthy smile.

dentist checking braces
Procedure Details
Duration 2 hours
Age Limit + 18 years old
Pain after surgery 3-4 days
Working after surgery Same Day
Anesthesia Sedation
Hospital Stay Same-day Discharge
Recovery Time 1 Week
Surgical Procedure No

What are Dental Braces?

The purpose of braces is to gradually realign and straighten teeth using orthodontic tools. They are made up of brackets, wires, and other parts that cooperate to gently press on the teeth over time, moving them into their ideal locations. Numerous dental problems, such as tooth crowding, spacing between teeth, overbites, underbites, and crossbites can be treated with braces. Depending on the requirements and preferences of each person, they can be created from a variety of materials, including metal, ceramic, or transparent aligners.

Braces are adaptable orthodontic devices that can successfully treat a variety of dental conditions. Correcting crowded or misaligned teeth is especially helpful because these conditions might make it difficult to maintain proper oral hygiene, speak clearly, or use your bite. Braces enhance alignment and provide a more pleasing smile by gradually moving the teeth into their ideal places with consistent, gentle pressure.

Braces are made up of a number of parts, such as brackets that are cemented to the teeth and archwires that link the brackets and provide pressure to the teeth. The corrective forces can also be strengthened by using elastic bands or modules. Depending on a person's demands and preferences, several materials may be utilized for braces. 

Stainless steel makes up traditional metal braces, but ceramic braces are less obvious because they mix in with teeth's natural color. For some orthodontic patients, clear aligners like Invisalign are a popular alternative since they provide a discrete and removable solution.

Procedure for Dental Braces

Getting braces normally entails a number of steps. An orthodontist first performs a complete examination, evaluating the alignment of the teeth and jaw using visual inspection, X-rays, and dental imprints. The best treatment strategy is chosen with the aid of this assessment.

The orthodontist cleans the teeth completely and applies a bonding agent to prepare them for braces after the treatment plan has been decided upon. The front surfaces of each tooth are then each meticulously fitted with brackets using dental adhesive. The archwire, which connects the brackets and gently presses the teeth into the proper locations, is put in after the brackets are put in place.

Every few weeks, follow-up consultations are scheduled to check on the teeth's development and modify the archwire as necessary. To address particular tooth movements or jaw alignment concerns, extra parts may be employed, such as elastics or springs. Depending on the severity of the tooth issue and personal variables, orthodontic therapy with braces may last a shorter or longer period of time.

Braces Risks and Side Effects

According to the Cleveland Clinic, individuals who opt for braces to correct dental misalignments should anticipate a few mild side effects. These discomforts are common and typically manageable with simple remedies.

Side effects often include:

  • Initial discomfort, peaking on the first day and during adjustments.
  • Inner cheek, tongue, or lip irritation from the orthodontic hardware.
  • Pain in the jaw area.
  • Challenges with eating following brace tightening.

These side effects can generally be mitigated with over-the-counter pain medication. Additionally, dental wax available at pharmacies can ease the irritation caused by the braces' components.

Who is a Good Candidate for Braces?

People with dental misalignments or misaligned jaws of all ages can benefit from braces. Adults, adolescents, and children can all gain advantages from orthodontic braces treatment. People with difficulties including gaps between teeth, crowded or crooked teeth, irregular bites, or misaligned jaws are the best candidates for braces. To evaluate candidacy, an orthodontist must perform a thorough evaluation because certain complex cases can need extra orthodontic procedures or alternative treatment plans.

An orthodontist will evaluate a variety of parameters during a thorough evaluation to establish a patient's eligibility for braces. Both toddlers and adults can benefit from orthodontic treatment, so age is not a bar. In reality, orthodontic problems in children can be addressed early on before they worsen.

People with crowded or crooked teeth are the best candidates for braces since these conditions can make it difficult to maintain good oral hygiene and increase the risk of tooth decay and gum disease. Diastema, or spaces between teeth, can also be treated successfully with braces. People who have bite irregularities including overbites, underbites, crossbites, or open bites are good candidates for braces since they can affect their ability to chew, speak, and align their jaw.

What are Post Operative Instructions After Braces?

As the teeth and gums adapt to the new stresses, it's normal to feel some discomfort or soreness after getting braces. A soft diet and over-the-counter painkillers can help ease any discomfort during this initial stage. 

As braces can make it harder to clean the teeth, maintaining great oral hygiene is essential during orthodontic treatment. To stop plaque development and keep your gums healthy, brush, floss, and use specialist cleaning equipment like interdental brushes or water flossers on a regular basis.

How Long Does it Take to See Results with Braces?

Depending on the complexity of the case, orthodontic therapy with braces may last anywhere from a few months to a few years. An improvement in the teeth's alignment and placement can be seen as the treatment goes on. Once the braces are taken off, the final outcomes, like as a straighter smile and a balanced bite, are frequently attained. 

After the braces are taken off, retention is needed for a while to give the teeth time to settle in their new locations. To maintain the results obtained, retainers are frequently advised to be worn for a predetermined amount of time.


Correcting dental misalignments with braces is an efficient and tried-and-true way to get a beautiful, straight smile. People can choose their orthodontic treatment with confidence if they are aware of the definition, process, candidacy requirements, post-procedure healing timeline, and anticipated outcomes of braces. 

Success in treatment depends on keeping up with follow-up sessions, practicing good dental hygiene, and following the orthodontist's instructions. It is advised to speak with an experienced orthodontist who can provide individualized care based on your unique needs if you have questions regarding dental misalignments or are considering orthodontic treatment.

Braces Types